धातुः धृ

In धृतराष्ट्र उवाच the first word धृतराष्ट्रः is a compound word having two पद-s धृत and राष्ट्र. Etymology of each has a derivation from धातु धृ and राज् respectively. We shall study these one by one. First the पद धृत.

 

In Apte’s Practical dictionary, धृत is detailed as follows –

 

*
*
*

 

As can be seen, the word धृतराष्ट्र is itself detailed above as a compound of धृत and राष्ट्र

The etymology given for धृत is धृ कर्मणि क्त. So, धृत is past passive participle of धातुः धृ

On to धातुः धृ

 

*
*
*
*

 

धातुपाठे –

धृ | भ्वा० अनिट् आ० | धृङ् अवध्वंसने १. १११५ ||
धृ | भ्वा० अनिट् उ० | धृञ् धारणे १. १०४७ ||
धृ | तु० अनिट् आ० | धृङ् अवस्थाने ६. १४८ ||

बृहद्धातुरूपावल्याम् –

 

*

As can be noted धातुः धृ is detailed at two places, Sr. Nos. 262 and 521

*
*
*

There is a footnote for ध्रियते giving an example sentence as “.. ध्रियते यावदेकोऽपि रिपुस्तावत्कुतः सुखम् | ..”

 

Actually morphology of different inflections of many धातु-s has been faciliteted by computer-programming at http://tdil-dc.in/san/skt_gen/generators.html# Unfortunately the धातु is listed in the drop-down menu, both as धृञ् धारणे and धृङ् अवध्वंसने

I could not get the inflections for either of these.

 

Among more words derived from धातुः धृ, in the dictionary, one finds interesting details for the word धृतिः as follows.

 

*
*

 

I think ‘forbearance’ can be a good translation of धृतिः

 

-o-O-o-