धातुः भज्

In अथ श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता the पदं भगवत् is derived with प्रत्यय वत् affixed to noun भग.

This is clear from the meanings of भग and भगवत् in Apte’s dictionary, though the two words are detailed separately there.


As is clear from the etymology of भग

  1. भज्-घ

  2. the धातुः is भज्

  3. grammatical explanation of the suffix घ –

    1. in Abhyankar’s dictionary of Sanskrit grammar, घ is explained as कृत्-affix अ , when the word to which it is applied becomes a proper noun, i.e. noun in a specific sense or a technical term

    2. For this explanation, reference is given of पुंसि संज्ञायां घः प्रायेण॥ (पा. सू. ३।३।११८) and खनो घ च (पा. सू. ३।३।१२५)

    3. at http://sanskritdocuments.org/learning_tools/sarvanisutrani/3.3.118.htm पा. सू. ३।३।११८ is explained as धातोः घः प्रत्ययो भवति समुदायेन चेत् संज्ञा गम्यते । and

    4. at http://sanskritdocuments.org/learning_tools/sarvanisutrani/3.3.125.htm पा. सू. ३।३।१२५ is explained as खनो। घित्ककरणमिति। “आखन”इत्यादौ “चजो”रिति कुत्वस्य प्रसक्त्यभावादिति भावः। भगः। पदमिति।

    5. All in all, on affixing घ i.e. अ to धातुः भज्, firstly भज् becomes भग् and then we get the masculine proper noun भग as भग् + अ = भग

Now, Apte’s dictionary gives as many as 22 shades of meaning for the word भगः !!

With suffix वत्  भग+वत् = भगवत् .

The suffix वत् is explained in Abhyankar’s “Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar” as “substitute of मत् of मतुप्”, adding also “..See मतुप्”

Now, मतुप् is explained as –

  1. तद्धित-प्रत्ययः मत् which

  2. by मादुपधायाश्च मतोर्वोऽयवादिभ्यः । (पा. सू. ८।२।९) in some cases मत् becomes वत्

  3. Basically मत् or वत् are suffixes, applied to any noun or substantive in the sense of “who possesses that” or “which contains it”

  4. Note, Substantive = A word that names or refers to a person, place, thing, or idea

So, भगवत् means one, who possesses भग (with most of its 22 shades of meanings !)

Now on to धातुः भज् –

धातुपाठे –

  1. भ्वा. अनिट् उ. । भज सेवायाम् १. ११५३

  2. चु. सेट् उ. । भज विश्राणने १० . २५९

बृहद्धातुरूपावल्याम् धातुः भज् is detailed as –

1) भज सेवायाम्


2) भज विश्राणने । सकर्मकः । भाजयति-ते । ९ (लुङ्-लकारे) अबीभषत्-त

In Apte’s dictionary –


Having mentioned earlier that there are 22 meanings given for the noun भग for धातुः भज् also there are 20 meanings !

Some of the meanings of भज् and भग are also close enough to the meanings of some other धातु-s, viz. भा, भाज् and भास्

In धातुपाठ –

भा – अदादि अनिट् प. | भा दीप्तौ (भा = to shine) | 2-46

भग =

    • one of the twelve forms of sun

    • glory

    • final beatitude

भाज् – चुरादि सेट् उ. | भाज पृथक्कर्मणि (भाज् = to separate, to divide) | 10-428

भाग is a word having derivations both from भज् and भाज्

It is clearly mentioned “… भाजयति-ते regarded by some as प्रयोजक of भज् ..”

भास् – भ्वादि सेट् आ. | भासृ दीप्तौ (भास् = to shine) | 1-711

However for this study, having been taken up in the context of the word भगवत्, having noted etymology of भग as भज्-घ, the focus is on धातुः भज् only.